Becoming a dog trainer

A yellow lab attends a training class at AHS

Interested in pursuing dog training as a career, but aren't sure where to start? Here's our best advice for anyone thinking about a job in the field.

Personality requirements

Training dogs usually means teaching people to train their own dogs, so you should be a people person. You should also love learning, be patient, and be able to work with a variety of learning styles.


At this time no federal or state certification is required to be a dog trainer, although certification is available. Contact the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers and the Association of Pet Dog Trainers for additional information about the profession and eventual certification. Trainers who have received certification and hold the title CPDT are required to obtain continuing education credits on a regular basis in order to retain their title.

AHS apprenticeship program

At this time, all apprentice applications are closed.

We coach our apprentices to have a solid foundation in using science based methods to teach owners and their dogs. Apprentices watch their mentors teach classes, and gradually assist with larger portions of class. This allows you to gradually teach classes on your own under the supervision of an experienced professional who can provide feedback and guidance throughout the process. In addition, apprentices are expected to complete readings and coursework pertaining to general learning theory and animal behavior. 

The Behavior and Training Apprenticeship is an unpaid position. We do charge a small fee to help cover the cost of the program. Completion of the program does not guarantee a paid position with AHS, though we encourage apprentices to apply when a trainer position becomes available.

As an apprentice, you will complete objectives at your own pace. Most apprentices complete the program in 9-12 months. Apprentices are scheduled for the same 4 hour shift each week at the same location. *Note: Animal Humane Society is located in the Twin Cities Metro area of Minnesota.

Read about animal behavior science

Read books about animal behavior science, particularly the science of animal learning. Some great resources for beginners include:

  • "Don’t Shoot the Dog!" by Karen Pryor
  • "Excel-erated Learning" by Pam Reid
  • "The Culture Clash" by Jean Donaldson, and anything authored by Ian Dunbar.

More titles can be found at

Avoid authors that downplay animal behavior science and claim to have learned by living with dogs. Living with dogs doesn’t automatically provide the skills and insight necessary to safely train other people to handle their dogs.

Read about the profession

AHS trainer recommendations:

  • "So You Want to Become a Dog Trainer"
  • "It’s Not the Dogs, It’s the People" by Nicole Wilde
  • "Coaching People to Train Their Dogs" by Terry Ryan

Volunteer at a local shelter like Animal Humane Society to improve your dog-handling skills. Even if you have raised many dogs yourself, you will benefit from handling large numbers of unfamiliar dogs. It’s a very different experience than working with your own.

Visit dog training classes

Visit local dog training classes that use science-based positive reinforcement techniques. Watch how the trainer in each class teaches and how the dogs respond. If you own a dog, consider enrolling them in classes (even if they've had previous training). This will allow you the perspective of a student as well as a prospective trainer. 

Take behavior classes

Attend behavior classes and seminars available in your area.

Finding a job

After completing your apprenticeship, look for local training schools, shelters or small training businesses that are hiring trainers. Ask about their methods and training philosophy to determine whether or not their methods are consistent with your own.